The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, or the IPCC, released an assessment report at the end of October this year. This their 5th report on the science behind climate change, how it is effecting our globe, what policy makers should do, and what the future looks like if nothing is done. According to the IPCC, this assessment “provides a clear and up to date view of the current scientific knowledge relevant to climate change.”
What this report is saying is that we need to do something about climate change. Climate change is not getting any better, and if we continue to do nothing, it will keep getting worse and worse. The report says that greenhouse gasses are extremely likely to be cause of global warming. Extremely likely in science terms means that there is a 95% chance or higher that this is occurring. Scientists are saying with almost certainty that the burning of fossil fuels, which leads to greenhouse gas emissions into the atmosphere, are the cause of climate change.
The report makes is apparent that we, all around the world, need to act now. “Continued emission of greenhouse gases will cause further warming and long-lasting changes in all components of the climate system…” says the report. These long lasting changes include severe weather, extreme changes in ecosystems, the extension of some plant and animal species, sea level rise, and countless other effects on this earth.
However, not all hope is lost. There are ways to stop the progression of climate change. We have to reduce our greenhouse emissions and eventually have no emissions. More and more conferences are being held to create sustainable solutions for our planet. The report supplies a section for policy makers. This lays out what needs to be done and which current policies need to be updated or completely changed.
Nation Geographic put out an article that lists the 5 Key Takeaways From the Latest Climate Change Report, which are:
- “Evidence that Humans are Causing It Is Stronger”- Greenhouse gases are causing climate change
- “The Forecast for 2100 Is Challenging”- the weather will become more severe if nothing is done
- “Its Happening Now”- we are already experiencing extreme weather conditions
- “What’s Needed Now Is Politics”- the science is all here, now we need policy changes
- “But There’s Still Paris”- more conferences are being held in Peru and Paris to create policy change
The bottom line is that we as a human race need to make a change. He have already done damage to the world that we call our home. We have a responsibly to not only ourselves, but this planet, to make a change to save it.
The IPCC report can be found here: https://ipcc.ch/report/ar5/index.shtml